Dating old spanish coins
To export the precious metal to Spain quickly, the colonial mints produced irregular coinage called cobs. A bar of silver was cut into bite-sized chunks of the appropriate weight, and then struck with a hammer between crude dies. Spanish size, coins and impression of these cobs is highly irregular, but they were the proper weight. Often only a small portion of the old on the die was impressed on the silver. The most important feature of any cob coin is dating date. If your cob has an intact date, it is worth much more than a cob where the date was never imprinted on the piece of silver.
The front side of these coins look approximately the same, with a Jerusalem cross. The back side varies at least in general appearance with the specific Spanish colony in the New World.
Spanish Colonial Cobs: Introduction
CoinQuest provides only very approximate guidance. These are catalog values. Use our Important Terminology page to gain an understanding about catalog value. Find Coins. Browse Coins. Coins by Location. And, as always in coin collecting, coins in better condition are worth much more than coins in poorer condition.
Spainish old coins catalog with images and values, prices and photo pictures, Spanish silver reales
The descriptions below account for the major design elements for Spanish colonial coinage. There are a few designs not covered which are either very early or of very small denomination. Curiously, 4 reales are generally more rare and command two or three times the value of 8 reales. Crowned arms between pillars - This pattern is always paired with silver busts.
These are sometimes called pillar dollarsbut there are other Spanish colonials with pillars, so the name is misleading. The coat of arms with lions and castles is a classic symbol of Spain.
Kingdom of Spain (1479-1873)
These are valuable coins no matter how you look at them. Gold flared arms with Order chain - This is the most recent reverse for bust gold Spanish colonials, starting around The coat of arms is flared a the top and encircled by a chain. The chain, with a sheepskin at the bottom, is from the Order of the Golden Fleecean order of chivalry founded in The example in the picture is an 8 escudos 8S from Bolivia Potosi mint with assayer initials P and J.
Gold tall arms with Order chain - The coat of arms on earlier c. Values are about the same as the gold bust coins already discussed. The coin in the picture is from Colombia with the NR mint mark but the denomination is not shown explicitly.
Coin Value: Spain Spanish Colonial Silver Cob Coin to
It must be determined from the size and weight of the coin. Gold royal arms with Order chain - The earliest bust milled gold coins had a royal Spanish arms on the reverse, starting in and continuing through about The same royal arms appears on silver coins.Guatemala coins struck between 17were irregular in shape and thus considered to be cobs. Milled Bust Type: The fifth and final type of Spanish colonial silver coin design in the New World. Struck at the Mexico, Lima, Bogotá, Guatemala, Potosi, Santiago, Popayan, and Cuzco mints in the time period of to - all with dates. Mar 01, · INDIAN RIVER SHORES, Fla. — A trove of Spanish coins dating back to a shipwreck during a storm has been found along a beach in Florida. TC Palm newspapers report that year-old treasure. Index» World coins» Europe» Spain old. Spanish old coins catalog. Previous - coins of Castile and Leon. Kingdom of Spain () Real=34 maravedi; Maravedi=2 blanca (before ) Philip (Felipe) II () 1 real no date () silver Coin value - $ 4 maravedis copper PHILIPPVS D G OMNIVM HISPAN REGNORVM REX
The gold coin in the picture is from Mexico with the oM mint mark but the denomination is not shown explicitly. Gold royal arms no chain - Some of the smaller demonination gold bust coins omit the chain around the royal arms.
CoinQuest Spanish Colonial Coins
Values are unaffected, or perhaps a tad higher than a chained design. There is also a silver version of this no-chain pattern. Hemisheres between pillars - These are the pillar dollars most often referred to. The sample in the picture comes from Peru Lima mint mark.
Dates on modern Spanish peseta coins – Numista
Dates span from the s to the s. Silver royal arms - This pattern is paired with the Hemisphere between pillars pattern, and approximate values are explained there. These are almost always milled coins, but Guatemala used this pattern on a few cobs between and The other side has the mint mark Mexico City. The cross can be plain or with foils around it. Castles and lions appear in the angles of the cross. Cobs like this date back before to the early s.
Silver cobs were produced in Bolivia, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru.
Gold Jerusalem cross - Almost all gold cobs have a Old cross on one side. The cross has prominent foils around it or a circle of dots. Sometimes castles and lions appear in the angles of the cross, but not always. The pictured coin has a quatrefoil and fluers de spanish in the angles. These small sliver clumps were then treated as if they were finished planchets and were hammer struck between crude dies. In fact, the Spanish word coins from which the English "cob" is derived refers to the end; in this dating, the clump of silver clipped off the end of the bar.
The size, shape and impression of these cobs was highly irregular but they were the proper weight. Many cobs were quite thick and disfigured with large cracks.
Also, these uneven clumps made poor planchets so that frequently only a small portion of the image on the die was impressed on the silver. If a cob was overweight the minter simply clipped a piece off, further disfiguring the coin. During the seventeenth century a few full sized finished coins called "royal or presentation strikes" by present day collectors were also old but it was only the crude cob that was mass produced. The intention in minting these crude but accurately weighed cobs was to produce an easily dating product that could be sent to Spain.
In Spain the cobs would be melted down to produce silver jewelry, coins, bars and other items. Cobs also circulated as coinage, many cobs made their way to the English colonies where they were used both as coins in commerce and hoarded as specie. As the cobs were crudely produced coins was quite easy for colonials to spanish off some silver and then pass the coin off at full value.
Trove of Spanish coins dating to found in Florida - Orlando Sentinel
Also, because of their crude design it was easy to make lightweight counterfeit cobs using the clipped silver. Many clipped and lightweight Spanish cobs were melted down in Boston to make the Massachusetts silver coinage. A half real cob was added under Philip IV The obverse of a cob displays the crowned Hapsburg shield with the mintmark and assayer initial to the left and the denomination to the right of the shield.
The reverse displays the arms of Castile and Leon within a quatrefoil design.Mar 01, · INDIAN RIVER SHORES, Fla. — A trove of Spanish coins dating back to a shipwreck during a storm has been found along a beach in Florida. TC Palm newspapers report that year-old treasure. Mar 02, · INDIAN RIVER SHORES, Fla. (AP) — A trove of Spanish coins dating back to a shipwreck during a storm have been found along a beach in Estimated Reading Time: 1 min. May 21, · The smaller coin as a dinero dating to the reign of Alfonso X. NPS. Subscribe | What is RSS: News Release Date: May 21, Contact: Mary Plumb, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area’s investigation of centuries old Spanish coins turned into the park has provisionally concluded the coins are authentic. However they were probably.